Roles and Responsibilities
Belts, Executives and Champions
Six Sigma professionals exist at every level – each with a different role to play. While implementations and roles may vary, here is a basic guide to the roles and responsibilities.
At the project level, there are Master Black Belts, Black Belts, Green Belts, Yellow Belts and White Belts. These people lead and participate on Project Teams, implement improvements and serve as Subject Matter Experts (SME’s).
- Master Black Belt: Often referred to as a Deployment Leader, the Master Black Belt trains and coaches Black Belts, Green Belts, Yellow Belts and organizational employees on the concepts and tools of Lean Six Sigma. Functions more at the Six Sigma program level by developing key metrics and the strategic direction. Acts as an organization’s Six Sigma technologies and internal consultant. Serve as a coach for those employees involved in Lean Six Sigma activities.
- Black Belt: Lead problem-solving projects. Trains and coaches project teams
- Green Belt: Assist with data collection and analysis for Black Belt projects. Leads Green Belt projects or teams.
- Yellow Belt: Participate as a project team member. Reviews process improvements that support the project.
- White Belt: Can work on local problem-solving teams that support overall projects, but may not be part of a Six Sigma project team. Understands basic Six Sigma concepts from an awareness perspective. White Belts are often SME’s providing expertise because of their detailed understanding of processes
Every project needs organizational support. Six Sigma executives and champions set the direction for selecting and deploying projects. They ensure, at a high level, that projects succeed, add value and fit within the organization plan and provide the necessary organizational support to assure project success / sustainability.
- Champions: Translate the company’s vision, mission, goals and metrics to create an organizational deployment plan and identify individual projects. Identify resources and remove roadblocks.
- Executives: Provide overall alignment by establishing the strategic focus of the Lean Six Sigma program within the context of the organization’s culture and vision.